Why and How We Should Pray for Our Leaders

Rob Schwarzwalder | Family Research Council | Tuesday, October 21, 2014

Why and How We Should Pray for Our Leaders

The substantial majority of readers of this site do not care for Barack Obama’s presidency.  This assertion is to understatement something like a kitchen faucet is to Niagara Falls.


Yet Christians are not given the option of letting their disagreement with their political leaders prevent them from praying for those leaders. The apostle Peter wrote that believers are to “be subject for the Lord's sake to every human institution, whether it be to the emperor as supreme, or to governors as sent by him to punish those who do evil and to praise those who do good … Honor everyone. Love the brotherhood. Fear God. Honor the emperor” (I Peter 2:13-14, 17).


Similarly, Paul wrote to Timothy, “I urge that supplications, prayers, intercessions, and thanksgivings be made for all people, for kings and all who are in high positions, that we may lead a peaceful and quiet life, godly and dignified in every way. This is good, and it is pleasing in the sight of God our Savior” (I Timothy 2:1-3).


Who was emperor when Peter and Paul wrote these words?  None other than one of the most notorious political leaders of history, Nero Claudius Caesar Augustus Germanicus, known generally simply as Nero.  


What kind of ruler was Nero?  He murdered his mother and both of his wives, for starters.  But his grotesque brutality far transcended his immediate family.  According to the Roman historian Tacitus, after fire had consumed roughly half of Rome and his popularity was in free-fall, Nero decided to blame the fire on Christians.  Tacitus records that, among other things, the early Roman followers of Jesus “were covered with the skins of wild animals and then torn apart by dogs, some were crucified, some were burned at torches to light as night” (The One Year Christian History, p. 322).  


Thankfully, none of America’s political leaders – local, state, or federal – can claim such infamy.  This does not diminish the wrong that they have done or allow.  For example, the silent cries of more than 56 million unborn children aborted since 1973 echo through the corridors of power.  Yet we are called to pray for those in authority; God’s Word says it, and Christians must do it.  


How, then, should we pray for those in authority over us, whether they be persons we respect and/or with whose political judgment we agree or persons whose character and/or official policies we cannot endorse?


  1. We should pray for their health and safety.  As recorded in Ezra 6:10, the pagan king Darius asked God’s faithful people in Jerusalem to pray for his life and the lives of his sons.  In light of the recent intrusion in the White House of a man armed with a knife, we certainly can pray that the Obama family and all those in power, whether in Washington or the county courthouse or anywhere in between, would be protected and upheld in good health.
  2. We should pray that they would execute justice.  Honoring and protecting those who live decently and productively and punishing those who do wrong are the fundamental duties of the state (Romans 13:3-4; 1 Peter 2:14).  We should ask the Lord that those in authority would fulfill them well.
  3. That they would follow the Lord’s ways and repent if they don’t.  The horrific reign of Manasseh over Judah and his later repentance (II Chronicles 33:1-20) should remind Christians that for those in government leadership, personal character and political actions are entwined.  Yet Manasseh should also remind us that even evil men, when they repent sincerely, can be used by God to restore what they have ruined.
  4. That they would govern with wisdom for the “welfare of the city” (Jeremiah 29:7), not for personal gain or for the advantage of a favored few.  Their concern must be for the well-being of all.  
  5. That God would accomplish His purposes through them regardless of their willingness to be used by Him.  Proverbs 21:1 tells us that “the king's heart is a stream of water in the hand of the Lord; He turns it wherever He will.”  We can petition the Most High to work through even those who are resisting Him to fulfill His purposes.  

It’s noteworthy that God is unimpressed by political power, including those who think they can defy Him.  Consider some passages of Scripture about how the Sovereign of all views such persons:


The kings of the earth set themselves, and the rulers take counsel together, against the Lord and against his Anointed, saying, “Let us burst their bonds apart and cast away their cords from us.” He who sits in the heavens laughs; the Lord holds them in derision” (Psalm 2:2-4).  


Behold, the nations are like a drop from a bucket, and are accounted as the dust on the scales; behold, He takes up the coastlands like fine dust … All the nations are as nothing before him, they are accounted by him as less than nothing and emptiness. It is He who sits above the circle of the earth, and … brings princes to nothing,     and makes the rulers of the earth as emptiness. Scarcely are they planted, scarcely sown, scarcely has their stem taken root in the earth, when he blows on them, and they wither, and the tempest carries them off like stubble. (Isaiah 40:15, 17; 22-24).


Terms like derision, laughter, “brings to nothing” and “as emptiness” make clear that God is not especially threatened by those who believe they can unseat His omnipotent and eternal rule. We should not be either. 


Daniel 4:17 reminds us that “the Most High rules the kingdom of men and gives it to whom he will and sets over it the lowliest of men.”  The Hebrew the word translated as “lowliest” probably refers to persons of humble origin.  In other words, God can raise up a shepherd boy like David, a backwoods workman like Abraham Lincoln, or the son of a ne’er-do-well Kenyan economist like Barack Obama to accomplish what He wants, whether they want Him to or not.  God’s people must never forget, and should always take great comfort, in that truth, even as they work actively for public policies pleasing to their Eternal King. 



Rob Schwarzwalder is the Senior Vice-President of the Family Research Council.


Publication date: October 21, 2014