*The following is excerpted from an online article posted on PsychCentral.
Investigators believe they have determined how bad behavior by one sibling often results in problem behaviors by the other sibling.
For example, adolescents with a delinquent brother or sister are more likely to misuse alcohol and other substances than those without a delinquent sibling.
Although the association appears instinctive, the nature of sibling influence is more complicated because behavior problems in siblings can also be traced to friends, shared genetics, and shared experiences with parents.
Evidence describing how problem behaviors spread between siblings and across domains has been scarce — until now.
Researchers from Florida Atlantic University and a consortium of universities in Quebec, Canada, conducted a first-of-its-kind longitudinal study on identical and fraternal twins to identify the degree to which siblings contribute to the increase in delinquent behavior and alcohol misuse.
Investigators determined siblings play a key role in the escalation of problem behaviors over time, over and above the contributions of genes, friends, and parents.
The findings, published in the journal Developmental Psychology, provide important clues into why delinquency exacerbates the growth of substance misuse in adolescents.
Participants were selected from the Quebec Newborn Twin Study, an ongoing longitudinal study of twins born between 1995 and 1998 in the greater Montreal area. Data for this study were collected at ages 13 (seventh grade), 14 (eighth grade), and 15 (ninth grade).
By examining the spread of problems between twins, the researchers were able to rule out alternative explanations for increases in alcohol misuse, such as parent modeling and an inherited susceptibility to alcohol abuse that can emerge with puberty.
“The hypothesis that we were testing,” said lead author Dr. Brett Laursen, “is that somehow bad behavior on the part of one sibling — the ‘bad apple’ — spreads not just between siblings but also across domains, so that one sibling’s delinquency seems to spoil everything the other sibling does, increasing problems in a host of other areas.
“In other words, the more delinquent one sibling is, the more different problems the other sibling has,” said Laursen.
“This turns out not to be the case. Instead, we found that problems spread between siblings within problem behavior domains — one sibling’s delinquency affects the other sibling’s delinquency. Then, once the teen finds him or herself on the road of greater delinquency, problem behaviors escalate and spread of their own accord into domains such as alcohol use.”
Thus, problem behaviors spread indirectly between the siblings via a two-step process; first, a problem is shared between twins within a behavioral domain, then second, within each twin the problem grows and spreads across different behavioral domains.