The Future of Religion

Dr. James Emery White | Gordon-Conwell Theological Seminary | Thursday, April 9, 2015

The Future of Religion

One of the more provocative reports on the future of world religion, 2010-2050, was recently released by the Pew Forum. Six years in the making, and encompassing data from 234 countries and territories, it is a landmark piece of research. 

Based largely on population growth projections, it revealed how rapidly the religious profile of the world is changing. The précis of the report is nearly twenty pages in length, the full report much longer (245 pages), so here are a few headlines:

*The rumors of religion’s death have been exaggerated. Almost every major world religion (except Buddhism) will rise in numbers.

*The fastest growing world religion will be Islam.

*Despite Islam’s growth, Christianity will still be the world’s largest faith by 2050, but only barely. However, by 2070-2100, Islam will gain the numerical edge.

*Islam and Christianity, combined, will represent 6 out of every 10 human beings on the planet.

*In the United States, Christianity will retain its majority but decline, and Muslims will grow to surpass Jews as the second largest non-Christian American religion.

*The “rise of the nones” will continue in the West, but not on the wider global front, where the lack of religious affiliation will actually decline.

There is much more that could be reported – fewer countries will have Christian majorities, the explosion of Christianity in Sub-Saharan Africa – but the gist of the report is clear.

The race for the world’s soul is between the cross and the crescent.

James Emery White


“The Future of World Religions: Population Growth Projections, 2010-2050,” Pew Research Center, released Thursday, April 2, 2015, read online.

Daniel Burke, “The world's fastest-growing religion is ...,” CNN, Friday, April 3, 2015, read online.

Razive Akkoc, “Mapped: What the world's religious landscape will look like in 2050,” The Telegraph, April 8, 2015, view online.

Editor’s Note

James Emery White is the founding and senior pastor of Mecklenburg Community Church in Charlotte, NC, and the ranked adjunctive professor of theology and culture at Gordon-Conwell Theological Seminary, which he also served as their fourth president. His latest book, The Rise of the Nones: Understanding and Reaching the Religiously Unaffiliated, is now available on Amazon. To enjoy a free subscription to the Church and Culture blog, visit, where you can view past blogs in our archive and read the latest church and culture news from around the world. Follow Dr. White on twitter @JamesEmeryWhite.

The Future of Religion